Ongole, Nirmari, Hariana, Deoni, Kankrej, Dangi Among buffaloes the important breeds include Murrah, Nili - Ravi, Surti, Jaffara badi, Mehsana and Nagpuri. In Andhra Pradesh a new breed known as Godavari was evolved through grading up of local buffaloes with Murrah over generations. India shares 50% of the total buffalo population of the world. The contribution of buffalo milk towards the total milk production in our country is nearly 60% eventhough the buffalo population is 1/3rd the cattle population. Important breed of cattle in India figures
Sahiwal Gir Kangayam Red Sindhi Tharparkar Hallikar Kankrej Amrit Mahal Ongole Breeds of cattle in Andhra Pradesh and their development: In Andhra Pradesh the important breeds include Ongole, Malvi, Deoni, Hallikar and Krishna Valley. In Telangana and Rayalaseema 95% of the buffaloes are of non-descript type, whereas in coastal Andhra Pradesh the cross breed Murrah buffalo population is high. The production performance of indigenous cattle can be enhanced by 3 different methods. Improvement of cross breed cattle
By cross breeding local animals in telangana and Rayalaseema regions with Jersey and by Holstein Friesian in coastal areas, significant improvement has been done in the performance of these animals Improvement of indigenous cattle
By using good quality Ongole semen, the ongole breed is being improved in its breeding tract. Grading system
The bulls of Murrah breed are being used for grading up of non-descript animals to enhance their milk production ability. An artificial insemination centre is located for every 4-5 villages. Pedigreed bull semen is being used to produce calves in these centers. High yielding dairy breeds
This is by far the best diary breed among exotic cattle regarding milk yield. On an average it gives 25 litres of milk per day, whereas a cross breed H.F. cow gives 10 - 15 lts per day. It can perform well in coastal and delta areas
Dairy milk yield is found to be 20 lts whereas cross bred jersey, cow gives 8-10 lts per day. In India this breed has acclimatized well especially in the hot and humid areas
On an average the daily milk yield is found to be 8-10 lts, whereas a cross breed murrah buffalo gives 6-8 lts per day. It performs well in coastal and slightly cold climatic areas. Selection of dairy cows
Selecting a calf in calf show, a cow in cattle show by judging is an art. A dairy farmer should build up his own herd by breeding his own herd. Following guidelines will be useful for selection of a diary cow. Selection should be done based upon breed characteristics, fertility and milk producing ability. History sheet or pedigree sheet which are generally maintained in organized forms reveals the complete history of animal So, whenever an animal is purchased from a cattle fair, it should be selected based upon its breed characters and milk producing ability The maximum yield by dairy cows are noticed during the first five lactations. So generally selection should be carried out during I or II lactation and that too are month after calving. There successive complete milkings has to be done and an average of it will give a fair idea regarding production by a particular animal A cow should allow anybody to milk, and should be doile it is better to purchase the animals during the months of October and November. Maximum yield is noticed till 90 days after calving. Breed characteristics of high yielding dairy cows
Attractive individuality with feminity, vigour, harmonious blending of all parts, impressive style and carriage Animal should have wedge shaped appearance of the body It should have bright eyes with lean neck The udder should be well attached to the abdomen The skin of the udder should have a good network of blood vessels All four quarters of the udder should be well demarcated with well placed teats. Selection of she-buffaloes for milk production
When you purchase buffaloes for milk production we have to select healthy animal known for economic milk production. We have to take following steps in selecting a dairy animal
Body confirmation Body weight Ancestors performance Reproduction capacity Health condition Age No. of lactations Past performance of the animal Free of chronic disease Cleanliness of teeth Legs and toes free of injuries Good eye site Whether animal is dry or lactating Date of delivery Month of pregnancy If non-pregnant, how many times it came in to heat Animal should follow owners instructions The udder should be in good shape and easy to milk The animal should not have the following
Poor growth Late maturity Not coming into heat Repeat breeder Long gap between two lactations Uncurable chronic diseases Retained placenta Low milk production Unable to give milk without calf PLEASE GO THROUGHT THIS SITE http://www.ikisan.com/ah/Cache/da_i…
Usually buffaloes are considered best for milk output.
Indian Buffalo (Dairy Farming) Buffaloes are classified into two categories; 1) reverine (depending upon variation in their habitat & genome) 2) swamp.
Swamp buffaloes: - 48 chromosomes. South east asian countries. Stocky animals, marshy land habitat.
River Buffaloes: - 50 chromosomes. - massive in size and curled horns. - Prefer to enter clear water.
World’s Buffalo population: 147 million, about 142 millions in Asia & Pacific.
India: leading most buffalo populated country, 78 millions most of reverine. Milk production: About 95% of world buffalo milk (45.3 million tonnes) is produced in Asia &Pacific, while 64.4% is produced in India. From 1950 to 1992 milk production in the world increased by 4.26%. The % of total bovines slaughtered; Total bovine slaughtered (%) World 17.1 to 17.4% or - 1.6% per annum, India 15% per annum, Asia 6.6%.
Breeds of Buffaloes of Indian Origin and Breeding Tracts:
Group Breed Breeding tract Murrah type Murrah Nili Ravi Rohtak, Jind,Hisar, Bhiwari, Sonepat (Hariyam) Ferozepur (Punjab) Gujarat Surti Jaffarabadi Mehsana Kaira and Baroda Kutch, Jungarh & Jamnagar dist Mehsana, sabarkantha, Banaskantha Dist. Uttar pradesh Bhadawari Tarai Bhadawari estate, Beh Tehsil in Agra, Gwalior & Etawah dist. Tarai region of U.P. Central India Nagpuri Pandharpuri Kalahandi Sambalpur Nagpur, Akola, Amravati dist. South maharashtra, west A.P., north Karnataka Hilly region of Andra Pradesh and Orissa Bilaspur dist. South India Toda South Kanara Nilgiri Hills West coast in Kerela
MILK PRODUCTION Production performance of different breeds of Buffaloes:
Age at 1st calving (months) Lactation. Yield (kg) Lactation Length (days) Buffalo Avg. Range Avg. Range Avg (Range) Murrah 43.0 39.9-54.5 1850 1476-2515 315(267-365) Nili Ravi 42.0 41.4-47.3 1765 1596-2808 2808 (09) Surti 39.0 26.5-45.0 1364 1304-1693 313(300-373) Bhadawari 46.0 44.3-54.2 1181 - 276 (-) Nagpuri 48.0 44.3-55.6 1103 926
cow Cattle Breeding Policy in different States
S.No State/UT Breed Breeding Policy 1 Anhra Pradesh Ongole Selective breeding in Ongole: grading up, non–descript with Ongole Malvi Selective breeding Malvi in pockets, grading of Malvi with Tharparkar and Deoni Hallikar Selective breeding in Hallikar; grading up of nondescript with Hallikar Non-descript Grading up, with Ongole, Tharparkar and Deoni cross breeding with Jersy and Holstein 2 Arunachal Pradesh Local cattle Grading up, with Hariana and Redsindhi cross breeding with Jersy 3 Assam Local cattle Grading up, with Hariana and Redsindhi; cross breeding with Jersy 4 Bihar Local cattle Grading up, with Tharparkar Hariana and Redsindhi; cross breeding with Jersy 5 Chattisgarh Local cattle Grading up, with Tharparkar Hariana and Shaiwal; cross breeding with Jersy and Holstein 6 Gujarat Gir, Kankrej Selective breeding in Gir and Kankrej; grading up, non–descript with Gir and Kankrej; cross breeding with Jersy and Holstein-Friesian 7 Goa Local cattle Grading up, with Redsindhi; cross breeding with Jersy 8 Haryana Hariana Selective breeding Shaiwal Selective breeding Non-descripit grading up, non–descript with Hariana, Shaiwal, Tharparkar; cross breeding with Jersy and Holstein-Friesian. 9 Himachal Pradesh Local cattle Grading up, with Hariana and Redsindhi; cross breeding with Jersy 10 Jammu & Kashmir Local cattle Grading up, with Hariana and Redsindhi; cross breeding with Jersy 11 Jharkhand Local cattle Grading up, with Tharparkar Hariana and Redsindhi; cross breeding with Jersy 12 Karnataka Deoni Selective breeding Krishna Valley Selective breeding Khillari Selective breeding Amrit Mahal Selective breeding Hallikar Selective breeding Non-Descript grading up, non–descript with Redsindhi; cross breeding with Jersy and Holstein-Friesian. 13 Kerala Local cattle grading up, non–descript with Redsindhi, Kangayam and Tharparkar; cross breeding with Jersy and Holstein-Friesian. Crossbreds Selective breeding with F1 cross bred bulls obtained from progeny tested either jersy or Holstein bulls 14 Madhya Pradesh Nimari Selective breeding Malvi Selective breeding Kenkatha Selective breeding Non-descript Grading up, with Gir, Tharparkar, Hariana Shaiwal and Ongole; cross breeding with Jersy and Holstein S.No State/UT Breed Breeding Policy 15 Maharashtra Khillari Selective breeding Dangi Selective breeding Gaolao Selective breeding Nimari Selective breeding Non-descript Grading up, with the breeds of the region and Hariana; cross breeding with Jersy and Holstein 16 Manipur Local cattle Grading up, with Red sindhi; cross breeding with Jersy 17 Meghalaya Local cattle Grading up, with Red sindhi; cross breeding with Jersy 18 Mizoram Local cattle Grading up, with Hariana; cross breeding with Jersy 19 Nagaland Local cattle Grading up, with Hariana; cross breeding with Jersy 20 Orrisa Local cattle Grading up, with Red sindhi and Hariana; cross breeding with Jersy and Holstein 21 Punjab Local cattle Grading up, with Shaiwal and Hariana; cross breeding with Holstein Friesian and Jersy 22 Rajasthan Nagori Selective breeding Malvi Selective breeding Rathi Selective breeding Non-descript Grading up, with Hariana, Gir, Tharparkar and Rathi; cross breeding with Jersy and Holstein Friesian 23 Sikkim Siri Selective breeding Local cattle Grading up, with Hariana; cross breeding with Jersy 24 Tamilnadu Kangayam Selective breeding Hallikar Selective breeding Umblachery Selective breeding Bargur Selective breeding Non-descript Grading up, with Hallikar; cross breeding with Jersy Holstein Friesian 25 Tripura Local cattle Grading up, with Tharparkar; cross breeding with Jersy 26 Uttar pradesh Kenkatha Selective breeding Non-descript Grading up, with Hariana, Shaiwal, Tharparkar and Red sindhi; cross breeding with Jersy and Holstein Friesian Breed Milk yield in Kg’s Category-I Category-II Gir 3500 & above 3000 to 3499 Hariana 2700 & above 2500 to 2999 Kankrej 3000 & above 2700 to 2999 Ongole 2500 & above 2250 to 2499
Vini ., Registered Member on
This information comes from my own knowledge.
Dairy Industry is one of the fastest expanding in the world. Good quality cows are available in the market and it cost around Rs.1200 to Rs.1500 per liter of milk production per day. (e.g. Cost of a cow producing 10 liter of Milk per day will be between Rs.12,000 to Rs.15,000).Good milk yielding cross breeds (Holstein and Jersey crosses) has well adapted to Indian climate.The indigenous milch breeds of cattle are Gir, Sahiwal, Red Sindhi and Tharparkar. The exotic breeds of cattle are Holstein Friesian, Jersey and Brown Swiss. In India, we have good buffalo breeds like Murrah and Mehsana, which are suitable for commercial dairy farm. Buffalo milk has more demand for making butter and butter oil (Ghee), as fat percentage in milk is higher then cow. Buffalo milk is also preferred for making tea, a welcoming drink in common Indian household. Popular buffalo milch breeds are Murrah, Surti, Mehasani, Jaffrabadi, and Nali - Ravi and Badhawari. The Murrah buffalo is the finest genetic material of milk producing buffalo in the world. This breed has beaten the best dairy cows of the world in performance.
- Bahu -, Council Member on
This information comes from my own knowledge.
according to http://homepage3.nifty.com/~mariamm…, India is known as a country with the largest number of cows and buffaloes in the world. The total number of all kinds of cattle and buffaloes well exceed 400 million. In other words, one sixth of the world's cows and one half of the world's buffaloes live in India. We find a similar picture in Pakistan with a higher population share of buffaloes than in India. Cattle and buffaloes, known as "bovines" as a group, number about 500 million in the two countries.
Because of this bovine population, it is no wonder that travellers find cows everywhere. So, let's go around rural South Asia focusing on cows and buffaloes.
In India, cows are regarded as "sacred" by Hindus. Cows symbolizes fertility and motherhood. Five products from cow, namely, milk, ghee (purified butter), yoghurt, urine, and dung, are used in religious purification.
In this essay, the economic value of cows will be explained, since I believe that their religious value is originally based on their economic value.
Bullock for Cultivation
The most important economic role of bovines was their work in cultivation. In semi-arid zones spanning India and Pakistan, land in the dry season becomes too hard. It is not possible to cultivate with hand plows. Therefore, to keep a pair of bullocks for work and for plowing was of vital importance to rural life.
The reason for worshipping cows in India could be due to the importance of cows in producing bullocks. Under traditional technologies, it was necessary for a prosperity of a farming family to have a healthy cow.
The picture rights shows a similar pair of bullock working in the field, but this time in Pakistan Punjab (1996). Even they are castrated, driving bullocks requires high skill. Plows are the key technology in South Asian agriculture. Because of this reason, many scholars are studying the shape of plows and the historical routes of technology transfers.
An example of a plow is shown in this picture taken in the same field in Pakistan (1993). The round shape of plow body is found widely in North-West India and Pakistan. If a family has a small holding just sufficient for subsistence, it usually has only one plow and only one pair of bullocks. On the other hand, a family with huge land holding has several plows. For this reason, the number of plows symbolizes the social status of a farming family in traditional villages of South Asia. For example, farmers contribute to village ceremonies according to their number of plows.
Bullock cultivation was once a rule in South Asia. Now tractor cultivation is replacing bullocks, although at a slower rate than observed elsewhere in the world.
Bullocks work not only in the field but also in other areas. They operate Persian wheel wells to irrigate land (Go to irrigation page), they give powers to fodder cutter, and they are the engine of bullock carts.
This photo (left) was taken in my field of Shekhupura, Punjab, Pakistan. This is indeed a rare one. Can you guess why?
The white animal on the front is a bullock of Indian Zebu cattle, while the black animal behind is a he-buffalo. In North India and Pakistan, buffaloes are kept mainly for milk. He-buffaloes are stubborn and rarely used for work. The bullock of Indian Zebu belongs to a Gaajar variety which is known as one of the best cattle breeds for work on the Subcontinent.
You may wonder if it is correct to say that buffaloes are not used much for work. Indeed, he-buffaloes are the main working animals in South-East Asia and South China. Actually, there are two types of buffaloes. One is "river" type, which is raised in Pakistan, North India, and Brazil. The other is "swamp" type, which is found in South-East Asia and South China (and even in Okinawa, Japan). The river type buffaloes have a large body and best for producing milk; the swamp type buffaloes are smaller and best as working animals. There is also a "savanna" type buffaloes, indigenous to Africa.
In this photo (left), two pairs of swamp type buffaloes are working in paddy fields. The photo was taken in Tamil Nadu, South India. Let's zoom up a little bit...
As you can see from the size of the driving farmer, swamp type buffaloes have small body, big head, authoritative horns, and long legs. As you can see from the picture before, river type buffaloes have a small, round horns.
As tractors become popular, the economic value of working bovines goes down and that of milch animals goes up. One reason for this change is that demand for milk is rapidly going up as general living standards are improved in South Asia. The importance of livestock products in diets goes up everywhere on the globe as the economic growth occurs. But in the case of India, rising demand goes to milk and milk products, not to meat, due to the vegetarian tradition.
This photo was taken in my survey village in Pakistan Punjab in 1993. The best breeds for milk in the village are shown. The brown cow on the left belongs to Sahiwal variety. It is known as the best milking cows in Punjab. The spotted cow on the right is a cross-breed between Sahiwal and Holstein-Friesien from Europe. European breeds for milking have difficulty in adjusting to the weather in South Asia. The cross-breed is a rare case of success.
In India also, many attempts have been made to produce good varieties of cross-breeds. The rapid increase in milk production that occurred in India and Pakistan in the 1980s is called "White Revolution," in the same line with "Green Revolution" of rice and wheat in the 1960-70s.
Although it is true that the output of cow milk is going up rapidly, a more rapid increase has been observed in buffalo milk production. About 60% of milk production in India and more than three fourth of milk production in Pakistan come from she-buffaloes. The photo shows a prize-winning she-buffalo. I took this photo in the livestock experimental institute in Okara, Pakistan's Punjab, 1993. The animal belongs to a Nili-Ravi variety, known as the best milking animal in Pakistan. It not only produces three or four times the amount of milk an average cow produces, but also its milk has 8% fat content. Best for producing butter. Because of the high fat contents, buffalo milk is sold at premium price.
Because of the spread of tractors, the role of cows in giving birth to bullocks has become less important. Then she-buffaloes are becoming more important as milk animals than cows because buffaloes are relatively more efficient in producing milk. The shift from cows to buffaloes is found in official statistics as well.
However,she-buffaloes are different from cows in one important sense in India. She-buffaloes are not regarded sacred by Hindus.
the Murrah buffalo is considered special compared to other live stocks. Haryana has the privilege of being known as the livestock mint of India. It is an acknowledged fact that the buffalo is a better converter of coarse feeds into fat-rich milk even under harsh agro-climatic situations. Haryana has the world’s best dairy type buffalo — the Murrah — capable of milk yields as high as 35 kg a day. The buffalo of Murrah breed, which is described as the “Asian tractor”, is in fact triple purpose animal — for milk, meat and work.
The Murrah buffalo is the finest genetic material of milk producing buffalo in the world. This breed has beaten the best dairy cows of the world in performance. Haryana’s trade in milch animals outside the state lends undoubtedly a great economic fillip to rural breeders of Murrah buffalo. Of the total production of milk of India, about 53 per cent comes from buffaloes, 43 per cent from cows and 4 per cent from goats and sheep. For cow milk, the average fat varies from 3 to 5 per cent and for buffalo milk from 7.5 to 9 per cent. In economic terms, therefore, the rearing of buffalo is advantageous than cow keeping.
Considering the above facts, advanced dairy countries are studying the economics of Murrah buffalo keeping. During the past one year, a United States dairy firm had purchased Murrah buffaloes, each yielding over 25 kg milk a day, at a cost of Rs 2.5 lakh each from Haryana. This shows that rich countries will soon switch over to Murrah husbandry.
The Murrah buffalo is considered best for dairy farming as its milk output is so high. India possesses best breeds of milch buffaloes in the world. It's is a rich reservoir of genetic diversity in livestock. Most of the species of farm animals are readily available. Each species has an unusually large number of genetic variants. Most of the indigenous breeds of cattle excel in draught capacity. The native livestock breeds exhibit a distinct superiority in utilizing poor quality feed and are adapted to withstand heat and show better resistance to tropical diseases. Buffalo breeds include Bhadavari, Jaffarabadi, Mehsana, Murrah, Nili-Ravi, and Surti.
Here is a list of cattle breeds according to where they are used for dairy farming in India. The thing is, you can't just pay attention to milk output-- if the cows can't survive the climate and conditions, the amount of milk they can put out will be a moot point! Otherwise everyone around the world would be using Holsteins, right?
Govt. of Karnataka: Ajjampur, Hessarghatta Deoni Andhra Pradesh
Deoni Cattle Breeding Farm, Gudgaripalli Govt of Andhra Pradesh, Kampasagar Karnataka Univ. of Agricultural Scs, Dharwad
Govt. of Maharashtra, Udgir Marathwada Agril University, Parbhani
Central Breeding Institute, Hetikundi Govt of Maharashtra: Hetikundi, Pohara, Yeotmal Gir Goa
Govt. of Bihar, Gouikarma Goa Govt. of Goa, Dhat Jammu & Kashmir
Govt. of Jammu & Kashmir, Beli Charana Karnataka
Govt. of Karnataka: Koila Kerala
Govt. of Kerala, Kodapanakunnu Lakshadweep
Government Dairy Unit, Kavaratti Maharashtra
Punjabrao Krishi Vidyapeeth, Warud Orissa
Central Cattle Breeding Farm, Basantpur Govt. of Orissa, Bolangir Tamil Nadu Govt. of Tamil Nadu: Chettinad, Hosur, Orthanad, Pudukkottai, Tirunelveli Uttar Pradesh
Govt. of Uttar Pradesh, Kalsi
Govt. of Assam: Jagduar, Pachmile, Silchar Delhi
Indian Agricultural Research Institute Gujarat
Sabarmati Ashram Gaushala, Bidaj Haryana
Government Livestock Farm, Hisar National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal Shri Gaushala Society (Regd), Panipat State Cattle Breeding Farm, Hisar Jammu & Kashmir Govt. of Jammu & Kashmir: Beli Charana Madhya Pradesh
Govt. of Madhya Pradesh, Anjora Raymond's Embryo Research Centre, Goplanagar Maharashtra
Govt. of Maharashtra, Bod, Wadsa Punjab
Amritsar Pinjrapole Gaushala, Amritsar Govt. of Punjab: Nabha Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Cooperative Milk Producers Federation Ltd, Udhagamandalam Uttar Pradesh
GB Pant Univ of Agri & Tech, Pantnagar Govt. of Uttar Pradesh, Chak-Ganjaria Military Dairy Farm, Meerut Project Directorate on Cattle, Meerut
Kerala Livestock Development Board, Mattupatti Tharparkar Andhra Pradesh
Govt. of Andhra Pradesh: Kampasagar, Karimnagar, Mamnoor Bihar Birsa Agril Univ, Ranchi Govt. of Bihar: Purnea, Sairakela Haryana
Government Livestock Farm, Hisar National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal Maharashtra
Govt. of Maharashtra, Pohara, Yeotmal Rajasthan
Central Cattle Breeding Farm, Suratgarh Govt. of Rajasthan, Chandan Tamil Nadu Govt of Tamil Nadu, Chettinad Uttar Pradesh
Central Cattle Breeding Farm, Lakhimpur Govt of Uttar Pradesh, Bharari Exotic Cattle Breeds
My father used to own farms and owned animals. He used mainly water buffalo and cows on the farm. But this website below has a lot of information based on your question. http://ww2.netnitco.net/users/djlig… I hope this helps.
I don't think there is common types of breed brands for the cattels in India. further state governments have their technical committees under agriculture and live stock ministy to suggest and implement on Govt. base to make it into effect. There fore i think every state has its own policies about it. Different states using different breeds.
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