This plant is mainly cultivated in Punjab and sub Himalayan tracts. It is a 1 meter tall perennial shrub with compound leaves (4-7 pairs). Flowers are violet in colour. The pods are oblong, flattened and the seeds are reniform (kidney shaped).
Commercial licorice is dried underground stem and root. The outer surface is pale chocolate brown in colour and internally the colour is yellow. It has a characteristic pleasant sweet taste.
The roots are sweet, tonic, diuretic, expectorant, emetic, mild laxative, intellect promoting, It aids in altering affected metabolism or function of the body and also increases hair growth.
Licorice is useful in cough, bronchitis, fever, skin diseases and headaches. An extract of the root is good for treating gastric ulcers. A decoction of the root is good for falling or greying of hair. Externally the root can be applied for cuts and wounds. Licorice root is an excellent tonic and a rejuvenative.
Licorice is called Jethimadh, Mulhathi in Hindi and Atimadhuramu in Telugu.Sweet stalk in Sanskrit.
Its botanical name is Glycyrrhiza, from the Greek meaning "sweet root." The taste of the licorice root is so distinctive that its sweetness is detectable in water even when diluted to 1 part licorice to 20,000 parts water. Natural licorice can be effective medicine. For over 3000 years, licorice root has been used as a remedy for peptic ulcers, sore throats and coughs in eastern and western medicine. Licorice root has been used since the third century BC to help dissipate coughs.
Fennel seeds or sompu in Telugu has licorice like flavour.
Visit the below link which gives you the names of Licorice in other languages:
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